This article was originally published here
Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Jan 27;19(3):1415. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19031415.
Fund: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases the risk of premature morbidity and mortality. Physical activity (PA) has a beneficial effect on MetS; however, it is unknown whether the types of PA differ in adolescents 12 to 15 years of age, depending on their MetS status. This study compared self-reported PA types according to MetS status. Methods : Using data from the 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES), 664 adolescents reported PA in the last seven days. MetS status was assessed using Ford’s pediatric adaptation of the ATP-III adult criteria. Pearson’s chi-square and you– tests were performed to determine differences in self-reported PA. Results: The average age of adolescents was 13.47 years (95% CI; 13.04, 14.38) and 52.69% were male (352). Twenty-seven (4.07%) adolescents were MetS positive. The prevalence of PA engagement in the past seven days was similar for MetS-positive and MetS-negative adolescents (77.67% and 70.51%, respectively; p > 0.05). No significant difference was observed for PA type according to MetS status. MetS-positive adolescents reported higher sedentary time (565.77 [438.99, 692.56] against 490.59 [377.86, 603.33] minutes per day, respectively; p = 0239). Conclusion: Engagement in specific types of PA did not appear to differ by MetS status, but MetS-positive adolescents had significantly higher sedentary time. PA promotion should target a variety of activities to maximize the effectiveness of public health programs, and interventions should target sedentary time reduction.