Daily activities

Study finds daily activities reduce risk of heart disease in older women

February 26, 2022 10:52 p.m. STI

California [US]Feb 26 (ANI): Researchers from the Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science at the University of California, San Diego studied the impact of daily movements on the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The study was published in the “Journal of the American Heart Association”.
Compared with women who moved less than two hours a day in daily life, those who moved at least four hours in daily life had a 43% lower risk of cardiovascular disease, a 43% lower risk of coronary heart disease, a coronary artery disease with a 30% lower risk of stroke and, notably, a 62% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease.
“The study demonstrates that all movements matter for disease prevention,” said first author Steve Nguyen, PhD, MPH, postdoctoral researcher at the Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health. “Spending more time in the movements of daily living, which includes a wide range of activities that we all do while standing and out of our chairs, has resulted in a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease.”
The researchers used a machine learning algorithm to categorize each minute spent awake into one of five behaviors: sitting, sitting in a vehicle, standing still, daily motion, walking, or running. Movements of daily living include activities that occur when you stand and walk around a room or patio, such as getting dressed, preparing meals, or gardening.

As part of the Women’s Health Initiative Objective Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health study, researchers measured the physical activity of nearly 5,416 American women, ages 63 to 97, who did not have heart disease at onset. of the study.
Participants wore a research-grade accelerometer for up to seven days to get accurate measurements of the time they spent moving and, importantly, common types of behaviors in daily life that drive movement and aren’t often included in previous light and moderate movement studies. -to vigorous-intensity physical activity. These earlier studies typically focused on the intensity and duration of activities such as running and brisk walking, while the current study measured smaller movements at varying intensity during activities such as cooking.
Cardiovascular disease continues to be the leading cause of death for both women and men in the United States, with the highest rates among adults age 65 or older.
In this study, 616 women were diagnosed with cardiovascular disease, 268 with coronary heart disease, 253 had a stroke, and 331 died of cardiovascular disease.
“Much of the movement done by older adults is associated with daily living tasks, but this may not be considered physical activity. Understanding the benefits of daily living movement and adding it to physical activity guidelines can encourage more movement,” said lead author Andrea. LaCroix, PhD, MPH, professor emeritus and head of the division of epidemiology at the Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health. (ANI)